On July 11, 2019, the Trump administration announced it would withdraw a proposed rule that would eliminate the Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) safe harbor that protected rebates made from pharmaceutical manufacturers to pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs). Announced on January 31, 2019, the proposed rule would have eliminated certain drug rebates and encouraged direct point-of-sale discounts for federal health care program beneficiaries. Specifically, the rule would have:
The goal of these changes was to decrease incentives for drug manufacturers to raise list prices to cover costs of rebates made to PBMs for formulary placement, and ultimately, to decrease out-of-pocket costs for federal beneficiaries. We discussed the proposed rule in a February 1, 2019 Health Care Law Today post entitled, “HHS Proposes New Rules to Eliminate Drug Rebates and Encourage Direct Discounts for Federal Beneficiaries.”
In stepping away from these anticipated changes, the Trump administration has demonstrated that it may focus on different avenues for lowering drug prices. In the July 11 White House statement, spokesman Judd Deere said that the administration “is encouraged by continuing bipartisan conversations about legislation,” and that the President “will consider using any and all tools” to tackle high drug prices.
As a result of the proposed rule’s withdrawal, the AKS safe harbor allowing rebates paid by drug manufacturers to PBMs remains in place. In addition, direct drug discounts to patients and PBM fees charged to drug manufacturers are not protected under AKS safe harbors.
We will continue to monitor and report on developments related to current efforts to address drug pricing.
Stephanie Schwartz, Summer Associate, also contributed to the creation of this article.