Creation of the National Customs Agency of Mexico

19 July 2021 Blog
Authors: Marcos Carrasco Menchaca Alejandro N Gomez-Strozzi Javier Valenzuela Padilla
Published To: Dashboard Insights Manufacturing Industry Advisor
Creation of the National Customs Agency of Mexico Se crea la Agencia Nacional de Aduanas de México (ANAM)

On July 14, 2021, the Mexican Federal Register´s evening version contained the Executive Order creating the National Customs Agency of Mexico (ANAM for its Spanish acronym). This step will elevate customs authorities’ rank and faculties, with ANAM acting as a decentralized administrative agency of the Ministry of Finance.

As stated in the Executive Order, the current Tax Administration Service´s (SAT for its acronym in Spanish) powers related to customs services and inspection, application and compliance of laws, and regulations governing the importation and exportation of goods, will cease and become part of the newly created ANAM.

Moreover, ANAM shall be in charge of coordinating the activities with the armed forces and national security institutions to preserve the homeland security in the country´s ports, similar to the Customs and Border Protection of the United States.

The Executive Order holds that ANAM´s duties will commence the day that the amendments that grant power for tax and customs matters —currently in hands of the SAT— become effective.

To that effect, the President ordered the Ministry of Finance to submit to his consideration a draft of the National Customs Agency of Mexico´s Internal Regulation within 180 natural days (possibly by early 2022).

Although this could be one of the most relevant amendments in the last few years regarding customs´ control and operation, at the moment, we do not foresee that the creation of ANAM could alter the regular course of business.

We will keep you posted of any progress regarding this topic.

El 14 de julio de 2021, se publicó en la versión vespertina del Diario Oficial de la Federación el Decreto por el que se crea la Agencia Nacional de Aduanas de México (ANAM). Este acto elevará tanto el rango como las facultades de las autoridades aduaneras del país, al constituirse la ANAM en un órgano administrativo desconcentrado de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público.

Según se advierte del Decreto, las facultades actuales del Servicio de Administración Tributaria (SAT) relacionadas con los servicios aduanales y de inspección, aplicación y verificación del cumplimiento de las normas jurídicas que regulan la entrada y salida de mercancías del territorio nacional, dejarán de corresponder a dicha autoridad y pasarán a formar parte de la ANAM.

De igual forma, la ANAM tendrá a su cargo facultades inherentes a la coordinación con las fuerzas armadas e instituciones de seguridad nacional y de seguridad pública, para preservar la seguridad en los puntos de acceso al país, labor un tanto parecida a la de su símil en los Estados Unidos de América, la Customs and Border Protection.

El Decreto precisa que las labores de la ANAM entrarán en vigor la fecha en la que inicie la vigencia de las reformas que le otorguen competencia en materia fiscal y aduanera, actualmente en manos del Servicio de Administración Tributaria.

Al efecto, el Presidente de la República instruyó a la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público para que en un plazo máximo de 180 días naturales, le proponga el proyecto del Reglamento Interior de la Agencia Nacional de Aduanas de México (posiblemente a inicios de 2022).

Si bien esta podría ser una de las reformas más trascendentes en los últimos años con respecto al control y operación de las aduanas del país, lo cierto es que con motivo de la creación de la ANAM, al momento no se perciben cambios relevantes que pudieran afectar el curso normal de los negocios.

Los mantendremos oportunamente informados de cualquier avance que se vayan desarrollando con respecto al presente tema.

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